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Apollo Hospitals, Chennai launched South India's first Advanced Centre for Movement Disorders

11 Apr 2019

Apollo Hospitals, Chennai launched South India's first fully functional Advanced Centre for Movement Disorders. The centre was launched in the presence of Prof. (Dr.) Paresh K. Doshi, Group Advisor, Functional Neurosurgery, Apollo Hospitals.

The comprehensive centre offers 360° care with the most advanced forms of medical and surgical treatment and ancillary services to patients afflicted with various movement disorders including Parkinson's diseases. Prevalence of Parkinson's disease in India is around 300-400 out of 100,000, which is expected to multiply by 2030. Parkinson's disease is a chronic disabling neurological condition affecting people who are 60 years and above. When 80% of cell loss occurs in the brain, the first symptoms of Parkinson's disease appear. Usually Parkinson's disease is manifested by tremors affecting initially one side of the body and later on both sides of the body, slowness in movement, change in handwriting, alteration in voice, balance disturbances and rigidity.

Apollo Hospitals' Advanced Centre for Movement Disorder offers Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Surgeries and other similar services to treat a wide spectrum of diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Cerebral Palsy, Dystonia, Essential Tremor, Intractable Spasticity dyskinesia, depression and chronic pain among others.

Speaking to the media during the launch, Dr. Paresh K Doshi, Group Advisor, Functional Neurosurgery, Apollo Hospitals said, "Awareness on Parkinson's disease is high in Tamil Nadu, but the knowledge on importance of 'multi-disciplinary' care has not reached the people. A person with Parkinson's disease cannot be treated or cured completely by visiting a Neurologist alone; he/she would require a complete and comprehensive treatment to recover completely. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is one such advanced treatment for patients with severe movement disorders."

DBS is the advanced treatment option available for Parkinson's disease with motor fluctuations and side effects from medicine. USA FDA has now approved this to be offered to patients early in the disease progression stage rather than waiting till the end. This has enabled to not only improve the quality of life but also regain dignity and self-esteem of the patient. DBS involves placing of an electrode in the Sub Thalamic Nucleas, which is adjacent to Thalamus, an important relay station of the brain. The electrode sends continuous electronic pulses through a battery, which is attached in the chest wall and can be externally controlled through a remote control.

There is no definitive preventive strategy for Parkinson's disease. A healthy life style and early diagnosis are helpful in disability limitation and care planning. There are reports from large epidemiological studies which suggest that a few lifestyle factors provide protection against the disease. However, these are not recommended for prevention of Parkinson's disease.

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