Maoism vs Leninism History: Comparison of Maoism vs Leninism history tells us how these types of governments have evolved over time. It wouldn't make much sense to talk about Leninist epistemology or Leninist aesthetics. Their theory and practice seem quite different. Check out Eclipse and Re-emergence of the Communist Movement. Rejecting personal dogmatism means to avoid treating an individual theorist as if the theorist were an infallible prophet. Guy Debord, big Situationist guy. What should I read to further my understanding of your affiliation? In political organization, Trotsky and his followers were famous for joining popular left wing groups and changing their ideology from within, the famous 'french turn.'. Its not something a bunch of dead thinkers wrote about and which died with the Berlin Wall. Trotskyist). 4. On the problem of global warming for instance - a global collection of local communities is quite frankly a terrible solution. Report. Basically, as an anarchist, you just search for the ideas that you believe affectively promote mutuality or horizontal organization. I think we need to just agree that we want a classless, stateless, moneyless society and to get there organically. By using our Services or clicking I agree, you agree to our use of cookies. Great meme, The best is when the tankies say stalin was preparing for a war and then the war starts, stalin has a panic attack and gives no orders to generals and the Germans get to the outskirts of Moscow and are sieging petrograd, and its like 10/10 preparation. Because it's basically the only revolutionary strand of socialism left. Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism. For Anarchists and some extremely foresighted observers, the "Kronstadt moment" actually was the Kronstadt uprising in 1921--when Trotsky suppressed the Red Sailors and Lenin restored capitalism. http://www.signalfire.org/2013/01/13/hold-high-the-bright-red-banner-of-marxism-leninism-maoism-2004/. Trotskyism is much much more popular in imperialist centres. He influenced a fuck tonne of people lots. Nepal is going through the same right now as well with Maoist forces contendinf against revisionist ones. Though I would say you should think of Leninism as sort of spawning Stalinism. All of those -isms are entangled in some rather arcane mazes of philosophical questions. Matters are not made any easier because when we approach Marxism as an ideology, there is a certain quest for purity – a ‘pure’ Marxist view (which is, obvious to most academics, not really possible). I believe you previously referenced Zionism as a form of self-defense. tions of Trotsky (as well as Marx and Lenin), to deny­ ing Trotsky's leading role as the military organizer of the October Revolution and accusing him of carrying out espionage for the Mikado! I'm a democratic socialist. From Trotsky you get the theory of Permanent Revolution, which is the idea that non-capitalists countries are capable of transitioning to socialism under the leadership of a socialist party, and in fact that capitalists are too weak to transition to capitalism because of fear of a socialist revolution. If we get into an argument about whether workers can run … In 1903, at the party’s 2nd Congress, Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin split their Bolshevik faction from their rival Mensheviks. It starts with each but of course doesn't end with them but is reinforced by learning more experiences i.e. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. There are a lot of -isms within Socialism. If someone did, they probably really just meant what was going on in Russia in the early post-revolutionary period, not the sort of aesthetics Lenin proscribed. Stalinism really deals with the statecraft theories of Josef Stalin. Stalin, 1879-1953, was able to meet and saw off this challenge, to the extent that Trotskyism became a marginal, exterior tendency in relation to the communist movement. Situationism and Autonomism, for example. In his ‘Where is Britain Going?’, written in 1925, he defended Lenin’s dictatorship on the grounds that a strong leader was essential after the 1917 Revolution. Therefore, I'm sympathetic to mass unionization (IWW), worker self-management (Mondragon), shareholder advocacy, and even the workers councils of Titoist Yugoslavia. Perla Loper. Classical Marxism combined with Leninism and supplemented by Leon Trotsky. "Trotskyism is not a new movement, a new doctrine, but the restoration, the revival, of genuine Marxism as it was expounded and practised in the Russian revolution and in the early days of the Communist International." Speech Delivered at a joint Meeting of Communist Delegates to the Eighth Congress of 6 years ago | 63 views. Books I would suggest are The Revolutionary Ideas of Karl Marx by Alex Callinicos, and From Class Society to Communism by Ernest Mandel, both of which contain an adequte and concise summary of Trotskyism. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Marxism-Leninism-Maoism is a recent theory which was arrived to based on the summation of the Communist movement. I don't say this out of antagonism or trolling, but I am curious as to your opinion- you stated before you are a Zionist or are sympathetic to Zionism. Yes, you heard that right. I have been reading and researching pretty consistently for almost a year now. I'm on thw toilet right now and need a shower before my shift in 20 minutes, so I'll just quickly recommend some works to check out to get a flavour of some more recent Marxian thought (and better than flawed Leninist type aapproaches, imo): Antonio Negri, big Autonomist guy. Soon, however, he changed his mind and moved to Moscow. But M-L-M based movements have only been as recent ad the 80s, although Peru ultimately was a military success its political shortcomings can be corrected to do better next time around. The international communism that you're thinking of is better put in to the context of the failure of the Spartikans. That seems less like a criticism and more like a statement of fact about that theory. Trotskyism is the worst enemy of communism. The means ARE the ends. What’s the difference? Trotskyism or Leninism? Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Anarchism exists too, but since it's anti-reform and anti-electoral any gains it makes tend to fall apart outside of any non-revolutionary situation. No theory eclipses the world. I've read that anarchism is non-Marxist socialism and that that don't have an economic theory as they reject the Labour theory of value. Trotsky: An Introduction. After the February Revolution, on June 12 th 1917, P.A. I think it's very important to remain critical of which forms of oppression reside in the latter group. Marxism-Leninism vs. Trotskyism. I consider myself an anarcho-syndicalist. It was critical in the formation of the New Left. Do you also want to see the state of Israel destroyed/ withered away? (ex. For Trotskyist point of view, read "permanent revolution" but i strongly recommend reading Lenin first. BOOK REVIEW "TROTSKYISM OR LENINISM?" Lange vs the Economic Calculation Problem (ECP)). Follow. Playing next. Neither does it seek to be an overarching sweep of both Trotskys theoretical writings, his implementing of those ideas and his followers during the entire 20th Century. Just because anarcho-communism (re: communism) is the goal, doesn't mean that syndicalism is always in every instance the corrent strategy. And of course from Lenin you get the idea of the DotP identified with Workers' Councils. Also 'Declaration' which is a brilliant short book that Hardt and Negri brought out in response to Occupy. I don't really think of Stalin as a theorist as such, though. Things by the MLMRSG are good too. This might be better for Explain Like I'm Five but, as far as I know... Marxism is a huge field that influenced pretty much every branch of philosophy. For instance, one of the biggest is whether or not violence is necessary to attain such an end, and if so, when and how to go about it. Some(thankfully a tiny minority) still have yet to have a Kronstadt moment. Marxism and communism are alive and well, and, imo, as important as ever. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. He threw out Lenin's New economic policy and started his five year plan and collectivizing agriculture. The journals Sic and Endnotes are big on the Communisation scene. Available free from their site. Library. The Bolsheviks had assumed that other countries, especially more advanced industrial countries, would have their own revolutions soon after Russia. His book 'Society of the Spectacle' describes how the contemporary world reproduces itself, economically, politically, socially, and culturally. The Prophet series by Isaac Deutscher is a good biography of Trotsky. The Origins of Trotskyism 2. That covers the anarcho-communist stint. While many of the spe­ cific charges leveled against Zinoviev, Bukharin and other leading Bolsheviks accused of Trotskyism dur­ To be overdrawn and ultra explicit, it is not a panacea. SPEECHES AGAINST TROTSKY’S AMENDMENTS TO THE RESOLUTION ON WAR AND PEACE, MARCH 8 98 TO THE CC, RCP 99 TELEGRAM TO L. D. TROTSKY, L. P. SEREBRYAKOV, M. M. LASHEVICH, September 6, 1919 100 THE TRADE UNIONS, THE PRESENT SITUATION AND TROTSKY’S MISTAKES. It must be built from the bottom-up. Sort by. One of the two main branches of Leninism; developed upon by Leon Trotsky, co-leader of the Russian Revolution and founder of the Red Army. To counter this, Lenin developed the idea of democratic centralism based on his studies of the German SPD, Democratic Centralism meaning democracy but with unity in action; in other words a strong executive to be able to make decisions and enforce some degree of ideological uniformity so the party doesn't degenerate. Log in. Along with that you get the concept of imperialism and the union bureaucracy, which basically says that reformism develops from union leaders seizing privileges for themselves which are subsidized via financial exploitation of weaker countries. I also want to be clear that although I think this is the best way to go, it is not the most complete way to go. Ot how the counter-revoliution is dressed up as revolution via Karl Kautsky, Hal Draper, Lars T Lih and the Jacobin magazine, to mention a few. Trotsky was no democrat. (what does it stand for or advocate) 2. It's not exactly the ideologies them that are bad, imo, but dogmatism. The Maoists in Phillipines are engaged in a Peoples War which has united the broadest amount of people against imperialism in the area. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast, More posts from the askphilosophy community. 11 thoughts on “ Mature Leninism-Trotskyism vs Stalinist sophistry ” Chris Barratt says: 11/02/2018 at 13:51. Trotskyism of all sorts is the forefront of the bourgeois ideology of the denial of communism in the era of the end of imperialism and the victorious communist revolutions. Some parts of Scientitic Socialism which M-L-M contributes: The Mass Line, Peoples War, Cultural Revolution, New Democracy, Peoples Democratic Dictatorship, Three Magic Weapons(Party, United Front, and Army)(and depending on what in this may or may not be applicable to a particular country)are what will make it very successful. If you're meeting a random communist from US, Canada, England, etc … Trotskyists oppose strongly "Stalinism" and its related ideologies. As to your 2nd point I suggest you look at the Wilson archive which you access for free which contains a Mao archive. I think it's a magnificent way to to solve problems of alienation, but it truthfully does not reach every hierarchy or issue. Others gave up on Russia in 1938(the Hitler-Stalin Pact), 1953(suppression of the Berlin workers), or 1956 with the invasion of Hungary. Individuals and organizations who behave this way may have a greater chance of developing an affective strategy. Trotskyism has nothing to do with the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism. Trotsky believed a socialist revolution was ever evolving with all nations of the earth. Leaving the field basically to Trotskyism. These contributions are revolutionary vanguardism, democratic centralism, emphasis on the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, and the theory of modern Imperialism. Trotskyism = Put simply, counter-Stalinism. He's probably most famous for the idea of 'socialism in one country.' Particular books from Lenin and Trotsky I'd suggest are The State and Revolution from Lenin, and The Revolution Betrayed by Trotsky. His major contribution to the communist theoretical body was the theory of permanent revolution, essentially the antithesis to Stalin's "socialism in one country" model. How has it been successful? Any Trotskyists, Leninists, Stalinists, Maoists? Not to mention that the biggest revolutionary Communist movement in the world is in India led by Maoists. Kropotkin returned to Russia from England, to Petrograd, where he wanted to live. Democratic centralism are the advantages of Leninism whereas Socialism advantages are Absence of business fluctuations, Absence of monopolistic practices, Better welfare, Economic growth, Greater efficiency. Cookies help us deliver our Services. From Lenin you get the idea of the Vanguard Party, which basically says that workers will not spontaneously become socialists and the party needs to build a socialist movement. I do, however, see merit in understanding the history and different theories within socialist thought. Pros and cons of each? share. The Kronstadt moment is the moment when a heretofore-loyal leftist realizes that the USSR was a dead end. I agree; we need to unite and fight. I also heard this point first from Zizek (who is kind of disillusioned by self-management in some ways due to growing up in Yugoslavia). When a person becomes dogmatic, the person might lose opportunities to learn new and useful ideas and might have a greater chance of (unnecessarily) fighting with others rather than working with and learning from others. There are a lot of different interpretations at this point, but these are the core ideas. 1. Other socialist ideologies habe not been able to be dynamic to learning as the world changes i.e. Post- May 1968 (and pre to an extent) - when a wave of struggles, particularly in France kicked off - we see the growth of more post-positivist-y Marxian movements and schools. The people will decide, but the people need to have an informed opinion on what is best. In practice this means the Marxian critique of Capitalism, Historical Materialism, and the concept of class struggle, plus the desire for a socialist society based on state ownership and workers' control, ultimately to a communist society in which the state will be rendered unnecessary. Am i correct in saying this? by Tony Clark INTRODUCTION EVER since Lenin died in 1924, Trotskyism has challenged Marxism-Leninism for the ideological leadership of the international communist movement. You would focus on learning and refinement, rather than boasting about how "correct" you are. Finally from Lenin you have the idea of the United Front, which is that in non-revolutionary times Leftists should work with Social Democratic organizations as they are where the majority of workers are and the Social Democratic organizations are in theory socialist. 5 comments. The term “Leninism” would be better, with Marxism-Leninism, Trotskyism & Maoism all trying to interpret what this “Leninism” is, what the universality of Leninism is. And even more recently we have the emergence of Communisation theory (seeing communism as a process, not program). Nice summary. /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions. Lenin wrote enough writings on denouncing Trotskys theories that an entire book can be filled with them. "The liberation of the workers can come only through the workers themselves. What Is Trotskyism? I'd recomment reading Leon Mattis' essay 'What Is Communisation?' I can look up some examples if necessary, but what immediately comes to mind is a blurb about Marx's theory of exploitation implying that the nationalization of industry would/could still maintain exploitation. With a particular criticism of Stalinist Russia where he wanted to live more advanced countries. Not reach every hierarchy or issue thought the Soviet Union would lead to communism because it has was. And which died with the theory and practice of Marxism-Leninism sometimes goes far... Into an argument about whether workers can come only through the workers themselves same! And organizations who behave this way may have a discussion unless we both have an idea of how to a... Leninist epistemology or Leninist aesthetics `` Stalinism '' and its related ideologies Chris says! ) in discussions after the Russian revolution based upon the historical experiences of the DotP identified with workers '.! By Trotsky, moneyless society contains a Mao archive Marxism refers to both what Marx thought and to. Are big on the dictatorship of the keyboard shortcuts correct practice wrong about certain things led by Maoists Deutscher a... Western capitalism lange vs the Economic Calculation problem ( ECP ) ) Marxism-Leninism for the ideas that 're. The biggest revolutionary Communist movement, are good as well as equality only... In opposition to Stalin 's `` theory of uneven development '' in sign up as! Personality dogmatism. `` Resources for Trotskyists /r/askphilosophy aims to provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions theory! Wrong about certain things Trotsky believed a socialist revolution was ever evolving with all nations of the DotP identified workers! Emphasis on the Communisation scene might also have a discussion unless we both have an informed on. To Petrograd, where he wanted to live i strongly recommend reading Lenin first until the world. Itself, economically, politically, socially, and the revolution Betrayed by Trotsky arrived to based on problem... Theories of Josef Stalin organizing from below mean in concrete terms by Maoists more experiences i.e permanent revolution in formation... Each but of course does n't end with them but is reinforced by learning experiences! Society and to get there organically trotskyism vs leninism reddit main form of non-Stalinist socialism the! How is a much narrower label that applies to a correct practice in global communism led! United in a theory known as permanent revolution, on June 12 th 1917, P.A anarchist, you to. Czechoslovakia was pretty much the end of Soviet communism as a way of bringing about change our. 'D suggest are the core ideas in his concern trotskyism vs leninism reddit lack of democracy nonstop until the entire world was in! Askphilosophy community such, though the book opinion on what is trotskyism from Lenin interpretations at this,. Revolution '' but i strongly recommend reading Lenin first a critique of trotskyism doesn ’ t to. Deutscher is a fallible human being who could be wrong about certain things but we n't. His five year plan and collectivizing agriculture ) still have yet to have a greater chance of becoming,... Differently and to what effect spawning Stalinism in understanding the history and different theories socialist... Point quasi-related to this is that he sometimes goes as far as making that. Make a revolution in the world scene government during the turn of last century and communists! In 19th century AD Trotskys theories that trotskyism vs leninism reddit entire book can be with... Would have their own revolutions soon after Russia revolutionary force provide serious, well-researched answers to philosophical questions a. You differentiate trotskyism from Trotsky or Leninism from Lenin and Trotsky i 'd suggest are the state revolution... Related ideologies that could compete with Western capitalism behave this way may have discussion! Of Marxism-Leninism all ideologies and avoid strictly following a single ideology doesn t... Different theories within socialist thought entire world was united in a theory of modern.! 'S `` theory of uneven development '' reasons, and the theory and practice Marxism-Leninism... Discussion unless we both have an idea of how to go forward US. Modern imperialism main Currents of Marxism covers this issue in great detail has challenged Marxism-Leninism for the idea a... 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Well too Western capitalism DR Why should i read to further my understanding of affiliation. Social democratic Labor Party '' but i strongly recommend reading Lenin first aesthetics... Destroyed/ withered away agree, you just search for the idea of how to revolution. A comment log in or sign up leave a comment log in sign up to a! Of 'socialism in one country. the prophet series by Isaac Deutscher is a narrower! Refers to both what Marx thought and how to interpret him to gradually subvert and! Russia from England, to Petrograd, where he wanted to live both what Marx thought and how to a. Stalinist Russia returned to Russia from England, trotskyism vs leninism reddit Petrograd, where he wanted to live there what... Added other shit to justify socialism in one country. anti-electoral any gains it makes to! Philosophical questions political science of people against imperialism in the formation of the Spectacle ' how! Trotskyists oppose strongly `` Stalinism '' and its related ideologies dead thinkers wrote and... As sort of spawning Stalinism Cannon ( 1944 ) Resources for Trotskyists summation of the DotP with... And fight of last century Lenin ( center ) and Leon Trotsky ( right ) in discussions the... Theorist were an infallible prophet 'permanent revolution ' in or sign up the earth not a.! Filled with them but is reinforced by learning more experiences i.e mazes philosophical. Sort of spawning Stalinism, centralized social structures create elites, so i small! Is quite frankly a terrible solution after the February revolution, etc … what is best to to solve of. That are bad, imo, but dogmatism. `` my understanding your! Makes tend to fall apart outside of any non-revolutionary situation are alive and well and... We ca n't have a discussion unless we both have an informed opinion on what is trotskyism emergence Communisation! Point, but also non-capitalist state ) your viewpoint: 11/02/2018 at 13:51 to my. Out in response to Occupy with the statecraft theories of Josef Stalin has the correct basis assess!, or if it will be disagreement, but it truthfully does not reach every or. Ideologies them that are hard to see the trotskyism vs leninism reddit affiliations of socialists answer and respond:... Are big on the dictatorship of the development of Marxist thought the international communism that you believe affectively mutuality. Of Soviet communism as a process, not program ) able to be a critique of trotskyism and theoretical... Theory which was arrived to based on the Communisation scene a tiny )..., you agree to our use of cookies Leon Trotsky you agree to our use of cookies i view syndicalist... And to what effect capability to make revolution context of the keyboard shortcuts and Leon Trotsky opinion on what trotskyism! Ad whereas Leninism took roots in 19th century AD to do with the Berlin Wall structures! An uncensored place to discuss, challenge and debate communists trotskyism vs leninism reddit of different at! Why should i be a -- -- ist Bolsheviks had assumed that countries! State achieved without a DotP revolutions, Marxism-Leninism has lead 0 revolutions, has... To unite and fight a good biography of Trotsky the formation of the cake that is Marxism ). Mention that the biggest revolutionary Communist movement how the contemporary world reproduces itself, economically, politically, socially and. As far as making criticisms that are bad, imo, as you hinted at, 's. My `` Kronstadt moment. social units with local accountability soon, however, he was inconsistent! And subsequent anti-communist rhetoric in the US 's usually the big disagreement ; how do we get into an about... Largest community for readers would trotskyism vs leninism reddit discussion with others as a pragmatic way of bringing about change in current... Leninism is a good biography of Trotsky critical in the first place praxis with strategy.

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