The President may call for information regarding the affairs of the Union and the Prime Minister has to furnish such information. Minister of State in the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The Prime Minister allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among the ministers. Answer:Prime Minister is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’. Please enter your username or email address to reset your password. It is Prime Minister who decides the size of CoM. council of ministers. Appointment of Prime Minister - definition However, the Constitution does not mention its size and classification. © 2020 JournalsOfIndia - A free initiative by Manifest Team. They are: The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. The Council of Ministers has a big role to play in the making of the law of the state. deputy ministers. In the Indian Constitution, the provisions relating to the council of ministers are described in detail, in the Article 74 and 75. Its classification into a three-tier body is based on the conventions of parliamentary government as, It enforces the collective responsibility of the council of ministers to the Lower House of. formation. The President can appoint only those persons as ministers who are recommended by the Prime Minister. Prime Minister is the principal channel of communication between the President and the council of ministers. In all its decisions, the Council of Ministers which comprises the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, Ministers and other members as may be determined by law, are responsible to the House of People’s Representatives. Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Chapter - 3 Prime Minister and Council of Ministers Long Answers... Share This: Facebook Twitter Google+ Pinterest Linkedin Whatsapp. The 44th Amendment Act provides that the President shall not issue a proclamation of national emergency unless the decision of the Union Cabinet has been communicated to him in writing. Whenever an unwanted situation arises in the Parliament, the matter generally ends with the intervention of the Prime Minister. The President of India exercises his authority on the advice of the Council of Ministers. The President is the only nominal ruler while the real executive powers are envisaged in the Prime Minister. He is the ex-officio Chairman of the NITI Aayog or National Institution for Transforming India Aayog that replaces Planning Commission of India and he is also the Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission. Boyko Borissov was elected for Prime Minster of the Republic of Bulgaria on 4 May 2017 by the 44th National Assembly. He decides the kind of relation India would have with other countries. The Finance Minister prepares the annual budget containing estimates of income and expenditure of the ensuring year. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Indian Union Council of Ministers. Two articles – Article 74 and Article 75 of the Indian Constitution deal with the Council of Ministers. They maintain order and peace in the state. In the rush of reaching first to the readers, the websites miss the balanced opinion, which is the need of the hour. The third category of ministers are the Deputy Ministers who are responsible to assist the Cabinet Ministers and the Council of Ministers. Hon’ble Ministers. Each minister gets a sumptuary allowance at a varying scale, according to his rank and free accommodation. It mentions that the council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. (Incorporates changes in the Council of Ministers as on 09.10.2020) Click here to download ( PDF format ) Formation of Council of Ministers: The constitution provides that there shall be a Prime Minister, who will be nominated by the President who will in turn appoint other Ministers, who will form the Council of Ministers. As a leader of the nation, he meets various sections of people in different states and receives memoranda from them regarding their problems, and so on. Normally, only members of Parliament are appointed as Ministers. It is binding in nature for the President and to allocate them portfolios. central switchboard: (+359 2) 940 29 99. The Prime Minister presides over the meetings of the Cabinet. The Prime Minster is the head of the Union Council of Ministers. If the President so requires, to submit for the consideration of the council of ministers any matter on which a decision has been taken by a minister but which has not been considered by the council. The Council of Ministers consists of all categories of Ministers- Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. As in England, the Prime Minister is the "keystone of the Cabinet arch". Version for low vision. Office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. Charu Modi. conventions of parliamentary government as developed in Britain. He is the pivot around which the entire governmental machinery revolves. The President may first appoint him the Prime Minister and then ask him to prove his majority in Lok Sabha within a reasonable period. When it comes to the relationship between the Prime Minister and the cabinet, the Prime Minister is central to its formation, central to its life, and central to its death. This quick video explains the office of the Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. The resignation of Prime Minister implies the resignation of the whole Cabinet. The entire ministry is obliged to resign. Government Information Service. It states that the ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the President. As per the article, the salaries and allowances of ministers shall be determined by the Parliament. The Prime Minister with the backing of the majority party or groups in the Parliament is the real executive head of the nation (i.e., de-facto head). Share. The members of the majority group/party elect their leader in the Lok Sabha to be appointed as the Prime Minister. This is called “Rule of Collective Responsibility” further ‘individual responsibility” means that individual minister holds the office during the pleasure of the President. (The number cannot exceed 15%) 3. It mentions that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advise the President who shall, in the exercise of his functions, act in accordance with such advice. Hence, the other Ministers cannot function when the Prime Minister dies or resigns. Functions and Powers of Chief Ministers . The Cabinet is composed of a small, but important body of senior leaders of the party. ICSE Class 10 Notes : The Prime Minister and The Council of Ministers, CBSE Class 10 Maths Questions and Answers, CBSE Class 10 Science Questions and Answers. appointment of the cabinet. If the Lok Sabha passes a vote of No-confidence against the Council of Ministers, they have to resign collectively. Cabinet exercises, in practice, the powers of the council of ministers and thus, acts for the latter. The salaries and allowances of Ministers are determined by Parliament from time to time. These are given priority and preference over Private Bills. Though, Prime Minister is the leader of the majority party, he has to ensure the support of his party as well as the ministers. Minister shall be appointed by the president. (ii) The Prime Minister must furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation to the president. cabinet ministers. It has, however, got a legislative sanction. prime minister & council of ministers. Failing this, he will have to resign from his post. They along with the Prime Minister of India form 15% of the total strength of the lower house i.e. Thus, the Salaries and Allowances Act of 1952 defines a ‘minister’ as a ‘member of the council of ministers, by whatever, name called, and includes a deputy minister, Role of executive (PM and CoM) in a Parliamentary system, In a parliamentary system the legislature enacts laws and the executive plays an important role in implementing them. It has no collective functions. Although the House is summoned by the President, initiative is taken by the concerned ministry. But the article 75 of the constitution says only that the Prime. The duties of the Prime Minister as defined in this Article are (i) The Prime Minister communicates all the decisions of Council of Ministers to the President. As per the 91st Amendment Act of 2003, A member of either house of Parliament belonging to any political party who is disqualified on the ground of defection shall also be disqualified to be appointed as a minister. (Charan singh was the first PM to be appointed so), Another situation when the President may have to exercise his individual judgement in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister, that is, when the Prime Minister in office dies suddenly and there is no obvious successor(Rajiv Gandhi was appointed as PM when Indira Gandhi was assassinated). In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. Prime Minister first one to receive vaccine against coronavirus Belgrade, 23 December 2020 Government remains open to cooperation with all media representatives 91st Amendment Act provided f… The Prime Minister The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. Answer:Prime Minister. The Prime Minister represents the Nation. Indian Constitution: Functions and responsibilities of the Union. Morning Star Total History & Civics 10----- … Prime Minister and Council of Ministers. In the Parliamentary form of Government, the President is the nominal head of the State and the Council of Ministers (CoM) headed by the Prime Minister is the real executive head of the State. The Prime Minister guides, directs, controls, and coordinates the activities of all the ministers. However, after 44th Amendment Act such proclamation can only be made after the written recommendation of the Cabinet to the President. Prime Minister Today the National Federation Reform Council (NFRC), comprising the Prime Minister, Premiers, Chief Ministers, Treasurers and President of the Australian Local Government Association, held its inaugural meeting, in Canberra. Get Journals daily newsletter on your inbox. Losing confidence of the Prime Minister leads to dismissal by the President. He can recommend dissolution of the Lok Sabha to President at any time. It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation; To furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Union and proposals for legislation as the President may call for; and. However, the President may dismiss him before, if he loses the majority support in the Lok Sabha. PM is the chairman of t NITI Aayog, Governing council of NITI Aayog, National Integration Council, Inter-State Council and National Water Resources Council. ; Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Article 74: The President can declare a proclamation of national emergency under Article 352. The current responsibilities and traditions of the office stem from the creation of the contemporary Polish state, and the office is defined in the Constitution of 1997. of the total number of members of the House of the People. Prime Minister is the cornerstone of the CoM and the cabinet as well, his position is such that if he makes his resignation it would result in the fall of CoM and the government as well. The Cabinet is instrumental in planning and moving the Amendment to the Constitution. Article 75(1) states that, “The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and other ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister”. Question 5: Wh… Answer:President appoints the Prime Minister. The minister hold office during the pleasure of the President. However, this does not imply that the president is free to appoint anyone as the Prime Minister. However, if a non-member is appointed, he must become a Member of Parliament within six months. The lesson also discusses the cabinet form of government. According to the Constitution, it is the duty of the Prime Minister to communicate to the President for all the decisions of the Council of Ministers relating to the administration of the union and the proposals for legislation. Our vision is to orient the readers to grasp the facts objectively and analyse critically. The Prime Minister recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the president. Ministers of State are the second category of ministers. The Council of Ministers executes the decision taken by the Cabinet. Its size is determined by the prime minister according to the exigencies of the time and requirements of the situation. He acts as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. BOYKO BORISSOV. These are called Official Bills. Thus, it did not find a place in the original text of the Constitution. Important Constitutional provisions with respect to Council of Ministers: Cabinet and council of Minister: differences, 352 only defines the cabinet saying that it is ‘the council consisting of the prime minister and other ministers of cabinet rank appointed under Article 75’ and does not describe its powers and functions. They decide major programmes and policies of the government. But the President has little power in this regard because the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are directly responsible to the Lok Sabha. It supervises the implementation of its decisions by the council of ministers. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. The President administers the oath of office and secrecy to the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. Such decisions are communicated to the other ministers and they have to follow these decisions even though they might not have seen a party to such decisions. As per the ruling of Delhi high Court regarding majority that the Constitution does not require a person must prove his majority in the Lok Sabha before he is appointed as the Prime Minister. He advises the president with regard to the appointment of important officials like Attorney General of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, the chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners, chairman and members of the finance commission and so on. The Supreme Court of India in its verdict in 1997 mentions that a person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as Prime Minister for six. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has. months, within which, he should become a member of either House of Parliament; otherwise, he ceases to be the Prime Minister. In short, Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers. Only the members of Parliament are appointed are appointed as Ministers. He recommends persons who can be appointed as ministers by the President. They may or may not hold charge of independent ministers. Article 75(3) of the Constitution states that, “The Council of Ministers shall be collectively responsible to the House of the People” (or Lok Sabha). The Cabinet Ministers head the important ministries of the Central government like home, defence, finance, external affairs and so forth. The Parliament exercises control over the Prime Minister through question-hour, calling attention motion, No-Confidence motion and other discussions. He plays a significant role in shaping the foreign policy of the country. minister of state. CoM does not meet, as a body, to transact government business. It mentions a minister who is not a member of the Parliament (either house) for any period of six consecutive months shall cease to be a minister. Question 4: How the Prime Minister is elected? In other words, its role in India’s politico-administrative system is based on the. He can bring about the collapse of the council of ministers by resigning from office. It is the PM who presides over the meeting of the council of ministers and influences its decisions. In addition to the above-mentioned three major roles, the Prime Minister has various other roles. The Cabinet is a small but important body consisting of 15-20 members, who are senior leaders of the party, and are included in the Council of Ministers. It was incorporated by the 44th Constitutional Amendment Act in Article 352 of the Constitution in 1978. the cabinet. The Indian constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government based on British pattern and the council of ministers headed by the prime minister is the real executive authority in Indian’s politico-administrative system. However, the Constitution (91st Amendment Act, 2003) put a ceiling on the size of the Council of Ministers to 15% of the strength of the Lok Sabha or the State Legislatures. Listening to young people about issues that matter to them is an important commitment of the government. The Cabinet is the ultimate decision-making body of the executive within the Westminister System of Government in Traditional Constitution Theory. As the head of the CoM  Prime Minister makes important decisions because he/ she is the real executive authority. Though he has no right to vote in the House of which is not a member. According to this the President shall administer the oath of office and secrecy to a minister. Where article 74 mentions that the council will be headed by the Prime Minister of India and will aid and advise the President, article 75 mentions the following things: 1. The Prime Ministers powers and functions can be mentioned under the following heads; As head of the Union council of ministers PM enjoys the following powers : Following are the powers of the Prime Minister in relation to the President: The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. Question 1: Who is known as the ‘Keystone of the Cabinet arch’? The Cabinet coordinates the working of various departments for the smooth implementation of government policies. They hold important portfolios and decide major policies of the Government. The Prime Minister can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. Council of Ministers. It implements the decisions taken by the cabinet. Ministers may be chosen from members of either House and a minister, who is a member of one House has a right to speak in an and to take part in the proceedings of the other House. Right of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, UN Convention Right of Person with Disability(UNCRPD), Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005, Sexual Harassment Women at Workplace Act,2013, Comparison between powers of Lt Governor of Delhi and Puducherry, Five years of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. The President of the Council of Ministers (Polish: Prezes Rady Ministrów), colloquially referred to as the prime minister (Polish: premier), is the leader of the cabinet and the head of government of Poland. The council of ministers and their function. It is a part of the series Constitution for Dummies. However, the President may require the Council of Ministers to reconsider such advice and the President shall act in accordance with the advice tendered after such reconside-ration(44th amendment). Question 2: Who appoints the Prime Minister? It is the duty of the prime minister : To communicate to the President all decisions of the council of ministers relating to the administration of … In such a situation, the President usually appoints the leader of the largest party or coalition in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister and asks him/her to seek a vote of confidence in the House within a month. It also mentions that theThe total number of ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed 15% of the total strength of the Lok Sabha. But, when no party has a clear majority in the Lok Sabha, then the President may exercise his personal discretion in the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. He is the crisis manager-in-chief at the political level during emergencies. Now also, Article, It is a constitutional body, dealt in detail by the Articles 74 and 75 of the Constitution. Article 74(1) of our Constitution expressly States that the Prime Minister shall be "at the head" of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister chooses the ministers and on his advice the President appoints them. The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is one mechanism to support this dialogue. The Prime Minister (PM) is appointed by the President, who according to convention, invites the leader of the majority party or group in the Lok Sabha to form the Government. All members of the Union Council of Ministers are necessarily members of the Parliament. And thee CoM is led by the Prime Minister. They never take part in Cabinet deliberations. Save. He announces government policies on the floor of the House. Lok Sabha. In fact, the Cabinet is the pivot round which the whole administration revolves. Though current retail details about who holds what portfolio does not make any sense for UPSC preparation but static portions related to the topic become important. The President’s special address is prepared by the Cabinet. He is the chief spokesman of the Union government. (1A) The total number of Ministers, including the Prime Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen per cent. The Council of Ministers consists of all the three categories of Ministers – Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. Council of Ministers. developed in Britain. As per the conventions of the parliamentary system of government, the President has to appoint the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha as the Prime Minister. “Outlining roles and responsibilities in the sector, the proclamation will bolster freedom of expression and press freedoms.” premier added. Legislative Power. Answer:The leader of the political party securing absolute majority in the Lok Sabha is appointed by the President as the Prime Minister. … The President may use his discretionary power to appoint the Prime Minster, when no single party or group secures the majority in the House but has to appoint when the person who can prove his majority in the House with the support of some smaller groups or parties. The Council of Ministers consists of all the three categories of Ministers – Cabinet Ministers, Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers. the prime minister. The Prime Minster is the Chief Coordinator between various ministries on policy issues. They are sometimes invited to the Cabinet meetings to discuss matters related to their departments. In this capacity, he enjoys the following powers: Other Powers & Functions of Prime Minister. Prime Minister and Council of Ministers - India Serial Number 1 Portfolio Prime Minister and also In-Charge of the Ministries/Departments viz: Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions Ministry of Planning Ministry of Water Resources Department of Atomic Energy Department of Space Name of Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh The Parliament keeps an effective check on the power of the Prime Minister. Chief Minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of his State. He can re-shuffle his Council of Ministers whenever he needs to do so. It includes all the three types of ministers, that is, cabinet ministers, ministers of state, and deputy ministers. He also serves as a link between the President and the Council of Ministers. According to the Prime Minister, the Council of Ministers has also approved the draft Media Proclamation which governs print and broadcast media, also introducing a legal framework for online media. The Council of Ministers was appointed recently and the allotment of portfolio. Council of Ministers and allotment of portfolio to them, Important Constitutional provisions with respect to a minister, Cabinet and council of Minister differences, The constitution of India does not contain any specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet is responsible for the expenditure of the government, for presenting the demand for grants and also for raising necessary income by various means. slideshow 1900855 by moeshe The term of office of the Prime Minister is 5 years. They are appointed by the President on the advice of Prime Minister 2. Investing in science and talent is a key priority for the Prime Minister. The Constitution originally does not specify for the number of the Council of Ministers. therefore, it is a part of the council of ministers. Council of Ministers . Article 74 of the Constitution lays down that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister at the head to advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with such advice. It also mentions that The advice tendered by Ministers to the President shall not be inquired into in any court. They together determine the policy and programme of the Government. Further, constitutionally the Prime Minister may be a member of any of the two Houses of parliament. The minister along with the secretaries of the concerned departments answer the questions put to them by the Members of the Parliament. Though it has the power to make decisions but CoM is bound by the decisions made by Cabinet. It includes the cabinet ministers only. The Constitution does not calssify the members of the Council of Ministers into different ranks. Lesson 8 of 10 • 556 upvotes • 7:30 mins. Question 3: Who is the Head of the Union Council of Ministers? Thus, it has collective functions. The constitutional position of the Chief Minister is more or less similar to that of the Prime Minister. CoM work as a team they sink and swim together. He advises the President with regard to the appointment of important officials like attorney general of India, Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Chairman and members of the UPSC, election commissioners. Only Cabinet Ministers have a right to attend meetings of the Cabinet. The Prime Minister’s Youth Council is a group of young Canadians who provide non-partisan advice to the Prime Minister and the Government of Canada on issues of importance to them and to all Canadians. The Prime Minister hosted the Council for Science and Technology at Downing Street this afternoon. PRIME MINISTER . The Prime Minister is the principal advisor to the President. The Council of Ministers are appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. He tries to protect the interest of the country in international forums. Prime Minister is the principal channel of communication between the President and the council of ministers. (1) The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Mr. Ishwar Pokharel. The Cabinet takes important decisions. Once decided, the policy is conveyed to the Ministers of State and Deputy Ministers, and details are worked out and passed to civil servant under the ministry to implement the decisions. He can ask a minister to resign or advise the President to dismiss him in case of difference of opinion. It means, that this is a ‘powerful tool of the President in the hands of the Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is the leader of the Lower House in the Parliament and the Chief Sopkesperson of the Government in the Parliament. They are junior ministers and are placed under senior ministers whom they have to assist. All the big and important appointments are made on the advice of the Council of Ministers. Prime minister KP Sharma Oli addresses the meeting of the Council of Ministers at his official residence in Baluwatar, Kathmandu, on Friday, December 25, 2020. The office of the Prime Minister has been created by the Constitution. The President appoints these ministers on the basis of the advice of the Prime Minister. It mentions that The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the. We bring the articles in UPSC way for the civil services aspirants and the Wisest Way for general readers. According to the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution, the President shall act in accordance with the advice rendered by the Council of Ministers expressed through the Prime Minister. Thus, the advice of the Council of Ministers to the President is a legal binding on him. The main powers of the Cabinet are as follows: The Cabinet formulates both external and domestic policies of the government on important matters such as defence, economic policy, security needs and important reforms, etc. Council of Ministers is the body that advises the President on various matters and is formed to assist the Prime Minister in running Government. Usually Cabinet meets, as a body, frequently and usually once in a week to deliberate and take decisions regarding the transaction of government business. 1594 Sofia, 1 Dondukov Blvd . It is collectively responsible to the Lower House of the Parliament. He advises the President with regard to summoning and proroguing of the sessions of the Parliament. 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For information regarding the affairs of the government in UPSC way for general readers appoint! Sessions of the Parliament keeps an effective check on the advice of the government. Or less similar to that of the majority group/party elect their leader the. He tries to protect the interest of the time and requirements of the Parliament exercises control over the Prime presides... President can appoint only those persons as Ministers who are recommended by the Cabinet and by. Means, that is, Cabinet Ministers, they have to resign or the! Functions of Prime Minister is the only nominal ruler while the real executive authority Cabinet exercises, the!

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