Yakubu Dogara (PDP/Bauchi) The Chairman, House of Representatives Committee on House Services, said "the attempt to relocate the headquarters of the local council from Tafawa Balewa town to Bunu was not only a contravention of the constitution but an action designed to cause disaffection among the people of the state. His term in office was turbulent, with regional factionalism constantly threatening his government. However, as Prime Minister of Nigeria, he played important roles in the continent's formative indigenous rule. The name was to be changed by Hausa traders to "Tafawa Balewa" (Dauda, 1999). [4] The College was several kilometers from Bauchi and was not close to a railway station nor other public transportation. The district head was moved to Zwal Village. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE PC (December 1912 – 15 January 1966) was a Nigerian politician who was the first and only Prime Minister of Nigeria. He was born on October 1, 1912 in the village of Tafawa Balewa, in modern-day Bauchi State. Balewa's father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was of Gere ethnicity,[1] and his mother Fatima Inna was of Gere and Fulani descent. [3], Katsina College had British expatriate teachers, many of whom had been educated at leading British schools and then attended Cambridge or Oxford. Just like Balewa, Buhari has turned a deaf ear to solicitations not to set Nigeria alight by this ominous silence on Amotekun. Although it is widely (incorrectly) presumed that he was Hausa, Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was in fact of Bageri ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was Fulani. That same year, Buhari was gifted with double promotion on the same day by the govt of Tafawa Balewa. Balewa was buried in Bauchi. He supported hesitance by the North to become independent, based on the objection that the north and south regions were not on an equal footing. In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, “Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. However, a treason charge and conviction against one of the western region's leaders, Obafemi Awolowo, led to protest and condemnation from many of his supporters. [6], Shaihu Umar was staged as a play in the 1970s.[6]. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in modern-day Bauchi State, in the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. This article is about the person. In January 1960, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II as a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire. [16] As of 8 May 2012, Bununu lacked "several social amenities such as water, electricity, office accommodation, working materials, staffers' accommodation and lack of good access roads to the temporary local government secretariat. In 1961, the Balewa government created an official Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations ministerial position in favour of Jaja Wachuku who became, from 1961 to 1965, the first substantive Nigerian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Commonwealth Relations, later called External Affairs. [10][11], In 2011, Bauchi State, Governor Isa Yuguda "threatened to demolish Tafawa Balewa town with the exception of government institutions like hospitals and schools," telling residents “You should either embrace peaceful coexistence or stand the risk of total ejection from Tafawa Balewa. Events and themes within the novel dealt with slave trade, familial relationships and Islamic themes of submission to the will of God. If you call him a Northerner, you are right, but he is definitely not a Fulani man. His body was discovered at a roadside near Lagos six days after he was ousted from office. The premiers and some prominent leaders of the regions later took on a policy of guiding their regions against political encroachment from other regional leaders. During his tenure at the transport ministry, both the Marine and Railway departments were transformed to corporations and the designs for a bridge over the Niger and plans for the Kainji Dam were developed. Tafawa Balewa was a vocal […] "[17][18] In 1941, he became acquainted with a young Aminu Kano, who was posted to the school as a teacher. The Igbo man thinks his problem is the Yoruba man, the Yoruba man thinks his problem is the Fulani man, the Fulani man’s eyes turn red when he sees the Igbo man, and … In 1957, NPC won the plurality of votes in the Federal House of Representatives and Balewa became the Chief Minister and designated Prime Minister. [1], This article is about the local government area. Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. Ahmadu Rabah, later known as Ahmadu Bello, was student number 87 and was two years his senior, while Abubakar Imam was a year ahead of him. Balewa was elected Vice President of the new party and subsequently resigned his post as headmaster of Bauchi Middle School. The 1965 election in the region later produced violent protests. The Sayawa Council of Elders and Traditional Rulers in Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local councils of Bauchi State condemned the relocation. The farm was located on the way to Tafawa Balewa village about nine miles outside Bauchi; many official decisions while in office were taken at the farm. After a student unrest, investigations into student grievances indicted the headmaster, and in 1941 Balewa was nominated as the new headmaster. Apart from excellence in English, the school was also a training ground for teachers to be posted to the provincial and middle schools within the Northern Provinces of Nigeria.[3]. "[13][7][14] Tafawa Balewa Local Council Headquarters was moved to Bununu District. He was elected in 1946 to the Northern House of Assembly, and to the Legislative Council in 1947. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1912- January 15, 1966) was Nigeria’s first Prime Minister. He was popularly known as “The Golden Voice of Africa“.Tafawa Balewa took its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (Rock) and “Baleri” (Black).Thus, Balewa grew up with the nickname, “Black Rock.” Tafawa Balewa had very humble origins. "Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: "Tafari" (rock) and Baleri (black). A school teacher, politician. Apparently a young officer of the Nigerian Army at the time Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was the Nigerian Prime Minister from 1957 – 1966, it goes without saying that President Muhammadu Buhari must know of Balewa, even if he didn’t know him. Balewa was among the new legislators in Kaduna. Tafawa Balewa was not a Fulani man. Prior to Nigeria's independence, a constitutional conference in 1954 had adopted a regional political framework for the country, with all regions given a considerable amount of political freedom. Thereafter, he proceeded to Bauchi Provincial School. Although it is widely (incorrectly) presumed that he was Hausa, Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was in fact of Bageri ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was Fulani. He trekked for 40 kilometers a day, before finding a resting place at a nearby village. Though, Awolowo, the leader of A.G. and premier of the Western region was skeptical of the plan,[5] the national executive committee of Action Group party endorsed the National Government and Ayo Rosiji and Samuel Akintola were nominated by the party. When Tafawa Balewa visited The U.S. in 1961, he had an aura of superiority around himself and carried himself majestically to the delight of the blacks and the amazement of the whites. They are doing that because the president is a Fulani man. Balewa’s father Yakubu Dan Zala was of Gere ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was half Gere half Fulani. [4][5][6][7] An Associated Press story states, "The Sayawas are in the majority in the town and its surrounding villages, but their traditional rulers have been of the predominantly Muslim Fulani ethnic group. Students were taught in English, and speech was an important part of learning for the students. Later on, this political environment influenced the Balewa administration. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa had Four wives – Jummai, Umma, Zainab and Laraba. Upon returning to Nigeria, he became an Inspector of Schools for the colonial administration and later entered politics. In total, the journey took him 10 days. As Prime Minister of Nigeria, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, from 1960 to 1961, doubled as Foreign Affairs advocate of Nigeria. He was overthrown and murdered in a military coup on 15 January 1966, as were many other leaders, including his old companion Sir Ahmadu Bello. His father worked in the house of the district head of Lere, a district within the Bauchi Emirate. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was conceived in December 1912 in Bauchi State. In 2013, Hon. This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. I shall direct the complete demolition of the town for peace to reign.” An "emergency joint stakeholders meeting of Muslims and Christians representatives of Tafawa Balewa and Bogoro local government areas" was held, and an agreement was reached. For the local government area, see, National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons, "Gere: Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa's Real Ethnic Group", "BIOGRAPHY OF SIR ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA, KBE", "A Hausa Author's Idea of Literature as an" about-face" response to the British literary challenge", "See Nigeria's ex-leader Buhari is being compared with – Daily Advent Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abubakar_Tafawa_Balewa&oldid=997519402, Knights Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kalu Ezera;, Constitutional Developments in Nigeria: An Analytical Study of Nigeria's Constitution-Making Developments and the Historical and Political Factors That Affected Constitutional Change, 1960, James S. Olson, Robert S. Shadle; Historical Dictionary of the British Empire, Greenwood Press, 1996. [3] In 1944, Balewa and some other educated teachers in the Northern Provinces were chosen to study abroad at the University of London's Institute of Education, which today forms part of University College London. Prime Minister Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1960-1963) Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. He started his early education at the Koranic School in Bauchi and like most of his contemporaries, he studied at the Barewa College for further education and soon acquired his teaching certificate. Tafawa Balewa was a vocal leader, a trained teacher, and he was one of the most educated northerners during his lifetime. He is egged on to a destructive stiff-neckedness by his ostensible obsession with the defence of his Fulani kin. Originally a trained teacher, he became a vocal leader for Northern interest as one of the few educated Nigerians of his time. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa official visit to USA in 25–28 July 1961, YouTube. Tafawa Balewa had very humble origins. Brought into the world a commoner in the north of colonial Nigeria, he had training as a teacher. Balewa's father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was of Gere ethnicity, and his mother Fatima Inna was of Gere and Fulani descent. [7] At his death, his major assets included his house in Bauchi and a 50-acre farm where he vacationed when he wanted to relax. He was also instrumental in negotiations between Moise Tshombe and the Congolese authorities during the Congo Crisis of 1960–1964. ", "Fulani men, allegedly dressed in black, burn 5 villages, kill 5 in Bauchi State", "Tafawa Balewa: Residents blame govt for attack by herdsmen", "Hot spot: Yuguda threatens to demolish Tafawa Balewa town -", "Relocation of council headquarters sparks off uproar -", "ArewaReport: Controversy trails shift of LG hqtrs in Bauchi - Lawmakers, lawyers trade words", "Bauchi leaders protest relocation of council headquarters", "HURIWA faults continued suspension of Bauchi Assembly only female member", "… AS COMMUNITIES QUERY LOCAL GOVT'S RELOCATION", "This Yuguda's tenacious frolics of persecution", "Lawmaker Accuses Bauchi Govt of Constitutional Breaches, Articles", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tafawa_Balewa,_Bauchi&oldid=983163457, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Nigeria articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 16:40. [15] Hon. Balewa retained the post as Prime Minister of Nigeria when Nigeria gained independence in 1960, and was reelected in 1964. As part of his plans to unify the country towards the move for independence in 1960, he formed a coalition government between the NPC and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), led by Nnamdi Azikiwe and also invited the Action Group (A.G.), the 1957 cabinet was constituted as an all party cabinet. The three regions then were composed of diverse cultural groups. In 1934, Balewa wrote Shaihu Umar, a novella about a pious Muslim in response to a request to promote Hausa literature by Rupert East, head of the colonial Translation Bureau. Under a new constitution, the Macpherson Constitution of 1951, an electoral college system was implemented whereby, some regional legislators were elected to the Federal House of Representatives in Lagos, and among the federal legislators, three members from each region would be appointed federal ministers with portfolio. "[1], The area has been known for sectarian and ethnic violence over the years. During holidays, which was twice a year, Balewa trekked home, a journey of more than 400 kilometers. The circumstances of his death still remain unresolved. This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 22:41. Tafawa Balewa is a local government area in the Southern part of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria. 1. [2][3] The major ethnic groups are the Sayawa and Hausa/Fulani. The Middlebelt has ruled Nigeria most in number of years and time. ", "Attackers kill 16, burn homes in north Nigeria town", "Christian Communities near Town in Nigeria Disappearing", "CONTROVERSY TRAILS SHIFT OF LG HQTRS IN BAUCHI", "16 die, 20 houses burnt down in northern Nigeria", "Will relocation of Tafawa Balewa LG headquarters guarantee peace? He participated in numerous international development fora. "Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: "Tafari" (rock) and Baleri (black).". A right honourable gentleman : Abubakar from the black rock : a narrative chronicle of the life and times of Nigeria's Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa by Trevor Clark ( Book ) The Man, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, the first prime minister of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1957-1966 ( Book ) Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, KBE(1) (December 1912 â January 15, 1966) was a Nigerian politician, and the only prime minister of an independent Nigeria. The name of his birthplace was appended to Abubakar’s name (Abubakar Tafawa Balewa). [1] He was also awarded an honorary doctorate of laws from the New York University in July 1961. [9], In 2011, 38 people died in violence that began after an argument in a snooker hall, and Kutaru, Malanchi, Gongo, Gumel, and Gital villages were burned down in a reprisal attack. The area has been known for sectarian and ethnic violence over the years. As a matter of fact, Ijebus are from Sudan and are not Oduduwa's children. Rapheal Related Posts. Were Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa to be alive today,he would be 105. Balewa was the first and … While lamenting that it was an Igbo man, Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, ... he was merely made a ceremonial President, thus ceding all the powers to Alhaji Tafawa Balewa, a Fulani man. [1][2] His father worked in the house of the district head of Lere, a district within the Bauchi Emirate. As a legislator, he was a vocal advocate of the rights of Northern Nigeria. Another problem with the label is that it erases the identity of millions of ethnically and culturally “unmingled” Fulani people in Nigeria’s northeast and elsewhere. Together with Alhaji Sir Ahmadu Bello, who held the hereditary title of Sardauna of Sokoto, they proposed the transformation of the cultural organization, Jam'iyyar Mutanen Arewa, which means Northern People's Congress (NPC) in English, to become a political platform for use as campaign platform during the elections of 1951. The pillory of Balewa that resulted from this peremptory treatment of the western crisis was accentuated by his perceived shield of his party man and “fast drowning political friend” – a la the Nigerian press – Premier S. L. Akintola and Balewa’s refusal to invoke the Emergency powers as he did in 1962. [3], Balewa began his education at a Koranic School in Bauchi; when southern colonial administrators began to push for western education in the Northern region, Balewa was among the children sent to Tafawa Balewa Elementary School, after the Koranic school. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa’s mother – Fatima Inna is a Fulani woman. Tafawa Balewa is a local government area in the Southern part of Bauchi State in northern Nigeria.Its headquarters is in the town of Tafawa Balewa. Today, his portrait adorns the 5 Naira Note. Balewa is the only one in Nigerian history to have been bestowed with the title of Prime Minister. His father, Yakubu Dan Zala, was a slave who rose in service of the Madaki of Bauchi and became a district head. Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in modern-day Bauchi State, in the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. Look at Tafawa Balewa sons, go to Balewa’s house in Bauchi and see how affluent he was. He taught at the school and rose to become a senior schoolmaster. The Sayawas have demanded a separate traditional ruler, which has led to attacks and counterattacks over the past two decades. [12], In 2012, "the state government through the House of Assembly finally resolved to relocate the headquarters of the local government to Bununu town. The first Prime Minister was from Bauchi State. Mbadiwe from NCNC and Akintola from AG.[3]. In 1957, he was elected Chief Minister, forming a coalition government between the Northern People's Congress (NPC) and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), led by Nnamdi Azikiwe… In 1948 Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, a man that was to later become the Prime Minister of Nigeria said, “Since 1914, the British Government has been trying to make Nigeria into one country, but the Nigerian people themselves are historically different in their backgrounds, in their religious beliefs and customs and do not show themselves any sign of willingness to unite. NPC won the plurality of votes to the regional House of Assembly in 1951. "[19], The Saya language is spoken in Tafawa Balewa LGA. Balewa was described as modest and self-effacing. [20], Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was born in December 1912 in Tafawa Balewa village. It was the fulanis and the killing was done by another fulani man, Muhammadu Buhari, who was the then platoon commander, 2nd infantry brigade, Abeokuta. Conversely however, if his official birthday of April 17, 1967 is indeed real, Abubakar […] He also had his farm in Tafawa-Balewa, some heads of cattle and goats and a wrist watch. The major ethnic groups are the Sayawa and Hausa/Fulani. Balewa entered the government in 1952 as Minister of Works, and later served as Minister of Transport during a time Nigeria was moving towards self-government. For the person, see, "Nigeria's Forgotten Heroes: Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (Part 1)", "Christian Leaders in Nigeria Call Bauchi Violence Premeditated", "The Traditional Status of Tafawa Balewa Town", "Abubakar And Tafawa Balewa Town: A Tale Of Two Titans! It was 52 years ago that he celebrated his last Christmas. [6] Written in a prose homily structure,[4][6] the protagonist, Shaihu Umar, recounts his events in his life's history. Balewa was among those nominated to Lagos and along with Kashim Ibrahim and Muhammadu Ribadu were nominated to become ministers. In the Northern Assembly, he sought more roles and responsibility in the Native Administration for the educated members of the emirates.[3]. ... Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, born by a Fulani … Balewa entered the government in 1952, as Minister of Works, and later served as Minister of Transport. Balewa left for his family 10 pounds in his bank account, two old cars in his garage and one mud house in Makwalla, Bauchi. Tafawa Balewa was a teacher, a legislator, a politician who founded Northern People’s Congress ( NPC ) alongside Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, and he was the first Nigerian Prime Minister. The Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University in Bauchi is named in his honour. Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). Tafawa Balewa village takes its name from two corrupted Fulani words: “Tafari” (rock) and Baleri (black). "[8], Tafawa Balewa town is inhabited by Jarawa, Fulani, Hausa, Sayawa, Kanuri, Tapshinawa (angas) and other tribes. The man felt that I was in a hurry and the young veiled Muslim woman who crossed the road caused some delay to my journey. For instance, the late Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa was and still is often called a “Hausa-Fulani” by the southern press even though he was Gere, a minority ethnic group in Bauchi. Balewa completed his five-year education in 1933 and returned to Bauchi to teach at Bauchi Middle School. 1965 was the last time Nigeria had a normal Christmas when both Christians and Muslims across the country celebrated the yuletide. He led a vocal protest against the Sharpeville Massacre of 1960 and also entered into an alliance with Commonwealth ministers who wanted South Africa to leave the Commonwealth in 1961. But because Awolowo was a great man, I will associate with him. Rioting and violence were soon synchronous with what was perceived as inordinate political encroachment and an over-exuberant election outcome for Awolowo's western opponents. tobtap: tafa balewa is not fulani..he belong to a minority tribe in bauchi,gowon is beron,ibb is gwari and abdulsalam is hausa.. i think nigeria dont need to elect a president based on his tribe but based on merit and what such have to offer Tafawa Balewa is Sefawa, Gowon is Angas, IBB is Gwari while Abdulsalami is Nupe. [3] Like many of his contemporaries, he studied at Barewa College, then known as Katsina College, where he was student number 145. Fulani settlers were to hterarily translate Pusji to Tafawa - Balewa, a Fulani word for black stone. The bone of contention of the frequent clashes in the area has to do with the chieftaincy and ownership of Tafawa Balewa town. Politics. This may have contributed to the “Black Rock” nickname he acquired in later life. Tafawa Balewa burbled with a certain eccentric charm and bubbled over with charisma in the U.S. The town has been a hot-bed of communal crises that have lingered for over 50 years; as witnessed in 1948, 1959, 1977, 1991, 1995, 2001, 2005, 2010, 2011 and 2012, with hundreds of lives lost and property worth millions of naira destroyed. Rifkatu Samson Danna, representing Bogoro Constituency and the only female member of the Bauchi State House of Assembly, was suspended from her post after her opposition to the decision. He was nicknamed as the “Golden Voice Of Africa” over his eloquence and oratorical prowess. He was a “cool figure” who preoccupied himself with integration of Nigeria’s over 250 ethnic groups as before and during his tenure. Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa KBE, An haifi Tafawa Balewa a garin Tafawa Balewa dake jihar Bauchi a Arewa maso Gabashin Najeriya a shekara ta 1912.. 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Of his assassination spurred violent riots throughout Northern Nigeria Protectorate, but he is definitely not a Fulani for... Congolese authorities during the Congo Crisis of 1960–1964 is tafawa balewa a fulani man over his eloquence oratorical!

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