Transthoracic (TTE) Echocardiography
- For the evaluation of pericardial effusion
- The left ventricle apex is better visualized from the transthoracic apical view.
- The inferior vena cava: IVC and sub-hepatic veins are useful for the estimation of the volume status, can not be visualized with TEE.
- Doppler studies are better from transthoracic apical view
- The left atrium can not be appreciated reliably with TEE