Interventional Cardiology is a division of Cardiology that deals particularly with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. Most interventional Cardiology procedures are regarded to be minimally invasive as they do not call for an instrument to penetrate inside the body or make large incisions (incisions are just about 1 inch mostly). These procedures typically entail the insertion of a catheter (hollow tube) into the femoral artery in the upper leg. The catheter is manoeuvred towards the heart or vascular area through the use of real-time X-ray. The main benefits of using the interventional Cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery.
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